A Methodology to Evaluate the Competitiveness of Electric Delivery Trucks
The authors would like to thank OTREC, Portland State University Faculty Enhancement Grant, and the FHWA Universities and Grants Program for funding this research
Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review
Urban deliveries, Commercial electric vehicles, Logistical constraints, Real-world speed profiles
This paper examines the competitiveness of the latest generation of electric delivery trucks. A new model that integrates routing constraints, speed profiles, energy consumption, and vehicle ownership costs is developed. The model is applied to the study the competitiveness of three commercial vehicles: a widely available conventional diesel truck and two brands of electric trucks. Scenarios and breakeven points are calculated and analyzed for a large number parameter combination. The results show that route feasibility, minimum fleet size, distance traveled, battery life, purchase costs, and planning horizon are among the most significant factors affecting commercial electric vehicle competitiveness.
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Unaffiliated researchers can access the work here: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tre.2012.07.003
Brian A. Davis, Miguel A. Figliozzi, A methodology to evaluate the competitiveness of electric delivery trucks, Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Volume 49, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 8-23.