Thiophene-Based Fluorescent Mercury-Sensors
Journal of Coordination Chemistry
Coordination chemistry of thiophene rings is poorly understood, despite their common use in organic electronic materials. The absorption and emission responses to transition metal ions of three thiophene-based ligands containing pyridine chelating groups are examined. These ligands, 2-(2′-thienyl)-pyridine (L1), 2,5-bis(2-pyridyl)thiophene (L2), and 2,6-bis(2-thienyl)pyridine (L3), show a ratiometric fluorescence response in the presence of Hg(ClO4)2 with reasonable selectivity against many transition metal ions in acetonitrile. 1H NMR data support S,N chelation of L1 and L2 to the Hg(II) center, while L3 coordinates through cyclometalation via one carbon of thiophene. DFT calculations suggest thiophene coordinates to Hg(II) in a bent geometry. Our results indicate that thiophene could offer selectivity for Hg(II) towards the design of fluorescent sensors.
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Shigemoto, A. K., Virca, C. N., Underwood, S. J., Shetterly, L. R., & Mccormick, T. M. (2016). Thiophene-based fluorescent mercury-sensors. Journal of Coordination Chemistry, 1-9.