Connecting Achievement Motivation to Performance in General Chemistry
Chemistry Education Research and Practice
Student success in chemistry is inherently tied to motivational and other affective processes. We investigated three distinct constructs tied to motivation: self-efficacy, interest, and effort beliefs. These variables were measured twice over the course of a semester in three sections of a first-semester general chemistry course (n = 170). We explored the connections that exist among these three constructs as well as their connections to course performance. Multiple regression and path analysis revealed that self-efficacy measured during week 12 was the strongest predictor of final course grade followed by situational interest. We also report that personal interest is a significant predictor of future self-efficacy. Our results add to the growing literature on psychological constructs within chemistry education by identifying variables related to motivation that have a significant connection to course performance among chemistry students. We briefly address how these variables could be targeted in the classroom.
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Ferrell, B.; Phillips, M. M.; Barbera, J. (2016). Connecting Achievement Motivation to Performance in General Chemistry, Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 17, 1054-1066.