Support from the Office of Naval Research Ocean Acoustics Program is gratefully acknowledged
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America Express Letters
Ocean tomography, Sonar, Underwater acoustics
Predicting transmission loss in the ocean often strongly depends on the bottom loss. Bottom loss can be estimated using ocean noise and vertical array beam-forming [Harrison and Simons, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 112, 1377–1389 (2002)]. With finite length arrays, the bottom loss estimate using this method can be smoothed due to beam widths. This paper describes how the noise coherence function can be synthetically expanded, which is similar to extending the length of an array. A full wave ocean noise model is used to demonstrate, in simulation, how this leads to improvements in the resolution of bottom loss estimates.
Siderius, M., Muzi, L., Harrison, C. H., & Nielsen, P. L. (2013). Synthetic array processing of ocean ambient noise for higher resolution seabed bottom loss estimation. Journal Of The Acoustical Society Of America, 133(3), EL149-EL155