Cyber-Physical Systems: The Next Generation of Evolvable Hardware Research and Applications
Appeared in the Proceedings of the 18th Asia Pacific Symposium on Intelligent and Evolutionary Systems, Volume 1, published by Springer International Publishing in 2015.
Since the late 1990s the sales of processors targeted for embedded systems has exceeded sales for the PC market. Some embedded systems tightly link the computing resources to the physical world. Such systems are called cyber-physical systems. Autonomous cyber-physical systems often have safety-critical missions, which means they must be fault tolerant. Unfortunately fault recovery options are limited; adapting the physical system behavior may be the only viable option. Consequently, autonomous cyber-physical systems are a class of adaptive systems. The evolvable hardware field has developed a number of techniques that should prove to be useful for designing cyber-physical systems although work along those lines has only recently begun. In this paper we provide an overview of cyber-physical systems and then describe how two evolvable hardware techniques can be used to adapt the physical system behavior in real-time. The goal is to introduce cyber-physical systems to the evolvable hardware community and encourage those researchers to begin working in this emerging field.