This research was supported in part by the Murdock Foundation, Portland, Ore., and the Whitaker Foundation, Washington, D.C.
Laser ablation, Cavitation, Bubbles, Multiphase flow
The collapse of laser-induced cavitation bubbles creates acoustic transients within the surrounding medium and also pressure impulses to the ablation target and light-delivery fiber during microsecond laser ablation. The impulses are investigated here with time-resolved flash photography, and they are found to occur whether or not the light-delivery fiber is in contact with the target. We demonstrate that the impulses depend primarily on the energy stored in the cavitation bubble. They are not directly dependent on the mode of light delivery (contact versus noncontact), and they are also not directly correlated to the other acoustic transients. The pressure impulses do seem to be associated with the bubble-driven jet formation caused by the bubble collapse.
HanQun Shangguan, Lee W. Casperson, and Scott A. Prahl, "Pressure impulses during microsecond laser ablation," Appl. Opt. 36, 9034-9041 (1997).