Date of Award

3-3-2017

Document Type

Thesis

Department

World Languages and Literatures

First Advisor

Craig Epplin

Subjects

Mexico -- Social conditions, Mexico -- Politics and governement, Mexico -- Economic policy -- 20th century, Mexico -- Economic policy -- 21st century, Globalization -- Mexico -- Social aspects

DOI

10.15760/honors.363

Abstract

Throughout the history of Mexico, the country’s gradual involvement with capitalism has given rise to different eras of profound economic change which have consequently generated a variety of influences implicating changes in Mexican sociocultural identity. This work investigates two specific eras of novel capitalist engagement to determine the relationship between these economic changes and the evolution of Mexican identity using the urban environment of Mexico City as the socio-spatial center. The sociocultural effects of Mexico’s post-revolutionary era of economic development from the 1940s to the 1960s will first be explored, followed by an investigation of the post-NAFTA / WTO era spanning from the mid-1990s to present. Evidence of change in Mexican sociocultural identity will be drawn from two full-length fictional narratives, each written by an author with contemporary knowledge of Mexican society within the era in which the work is diegetically situated: Carlos Fuentes’ La región más transparente (1958) will provide evidence for the earlier era whereas Guillermo Fadanelli’s Hotel DF (2010) will be used for the modern era. This work, written in Spanish, will reveal that in the post-revolutionary era of La región, Fuentes illustrates a Mexico City with an ambiguous indigenous presence in which socioeconomic mobility as a result of capitalist influence gradually diminishes the sense of morals and complicates group solidarity, whereas in the modern environment of Hotel DF, Fadanelli describes a Mexico City full of both Mexicans and foreigners dissolving into the anonymity of global influence in which opportunities for utilitarian autonomy and self-expression determine self-identity.

Note: This thesis is written in Spanish.

Comments

An Undergraduate Honors Thesis Submitted To The University Honors College & Department of World Languages and Literatures In Partial Fulfillment of The Requirements For The Degree of Bachelors of Arts in Spanish.

Persistent Identifier

http://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/19552

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