Title

Influence of Scandium Addition on the High-Temperature Grain Size Stabilization of Oxide-Dispersion-Strengthened (ODS) Ferritic Alloy

Published In

Materials Science and Engineering: A

Document Type

Citation

Publication Date

6-2015

Subjects

Mechanical alloying -- research, Oxides -- Thermal properties

Abstract

The influence of 1–4 at% Sc addition on the thermal stability of mechanically alloyed ODS ferritic alloy was studied in this work. Sc addition was found to significantly stabilize grain size and microhardness at high temperatures. Grain sizes of samples with 1 and 4 at% Sc was found maintained in the nanoscale range at temperatures up to 1000 °C with hardness maintained at 5.6 and 6.7 GPa, respectively. The detailed microstructure was also investigated from EDS elemental mapping, where nanofeatures [ScTiO] were observed, while nanosized [YTiO] particles were rarely seen. This is probably due to the concentration difference between Sc and Y, leading to the formation of [ScTiO] favoring that of [YTiO]. Precipitation was considered as the major source for the observed high temperature stabilization. In addition, 14YT–Sc alloys without large second phases such as Ti-oxide can exhibit better performance compared to conventional ODS materials.

Description

Copyright (2015) Elsevier

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Unaffiliated researchers can access the work here: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2015.03.117

DOI

10.1016/j.msea.2015.03.117

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