Document Type

Post-Print

Published In

Environment & Urbanization

Publication Date

10-2016

Subjects

Urban growth, Political ecology, Urbanization, Real estate development, Urban planning -- China

Abstract

Chinese cities have undergone a process of urbanization that has resulted in significant urban sprawl in the past 20 years. This paper uses the 'ecology of actors' framework to analyze the interactions between various state, market and civil society players that result in excessive land conversion from agricultural to urban use. The paper shows that under the existing institutional setting, the interests of most actors involved in the process are aligned towards greater land development and growth. The more land is developed, the more land lease revenue for the local government, the more profit for developers, and the more opportunities for compensation for farmers. Planning actors have been powerless to apply long term planning principles. There is a need to change the underlying rules of the game so that environmental impacts of land conversion are fully taken into account in the future economic calculations of actors involved in the process.

Description

This is the authors accepted manuscript archived with permissions.

The definitive version is available on the publisher site.

DOI

10.1177/0956247816647344

Persistent Identifier

http://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/19335

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