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Geriatric Nursing

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Long-Term Care Services -- Oregon


Person-centered care (PCC) is considered the standard to assure quality of care and quality of life in longterm care, benefiting both residents and staff. This study examines the associations between nursing home staff perceptions of person-centered care practices, the organizational system, and work-related attitudes in a sample of 340 nurses and direct care workers across 32 nursing homes in Oregon. Random-intercepts regression models were used to estimate within- and between-nursing home variation in staff perceptions of PCC practices as measured by the Staff Assessment of Person-Directed Care (SA-PDC), and identify characteristics associated with these perceptions. Staff in nursing homes that accept Medicaid reported lower SAPDC scores, and higher scores were reported in nonprofit nursing homes. Staff perceptions varied extensively within nursing homes, suggesting a lack of staff cohesion regarding core aspects of PCC. Cultivating a supportive work environment is key to promoting person-centered care practices, increasing job satisfaction, elevating affective commitment, and reducing turnover intention.


© 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (



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