Title

Fire, Native Ecological Knowledge, and the Enduring Anthropogenic Landscapes of Yosemite Valley

Published In

The Routledge Handbook of Indigenous Environmental Knowledge

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date

11-2020

Abstract

Yosemite Valley is a place with rich and enduring traditions of Indigenous Ecological Knowledge, manifesting in specific management practices that, in turn, leave discernible imprints upon the natural landscape. Historically, the Native American inhabitants of Yosemite Valley have employed a variety of techniques that materially enhance the availability of culturally preferred plant communities. This chapter identifies specific techniques that appear consistently in the oral traditions and written historical accounts of the valley. These methods included anthropogenic burning, pruning and coppicing, clearing underbrush beneath trees, hand eradication (“weeding”) of certain competing species, selective harvesting, smoking, “knocking” of dead wood from the tree, and other practices associated with both mundane activities and the spiritual beliefs of tribal communities traditionally associated with Yosemite. The displacement of Native peoples has dramatically and adversely impacted both Native communities and the landscape of the valley and plant communities with which they are connected.

Rights

© 2020 Informa UK Limited

Description

Chapter 23 in the book, The Routledge Handbook of Indigenous Environmental Knowledge

DOI

10.4324/9781315270845

Persistent Identifier

https://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/34498

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