Published In

Archaeology in Washington

Document Type


Publication Date



Archaeology -- Methodology, Stone implements -- Analysis, Excavations (Archaeology) -- Pacific Northwest Region, Prehistoric hearths


The selection and management of rock for roasting ovens, hearths, and sweat lodges were not trivial concerns for prehistoric households. The results of replicating a camas roasting oven are used to address the use-life and use-stages of fire-cracked rock. We concluded that the industry associated with the procurement and management of fire-cracked rock in the Pacific Northwest required significant quantities of labor and expertise to manage the raw materials and camas roasting byproducts. Recording the technological performance characteristics of fire-cracked rocks, including composition, size, and durability, is a necessary step to interpret and compare fire-cracked rock features at archaeological sites.


This is the publisher's final PDF. This article was originally published in Archaeology in Washington

Persistent Identifier