The Determinants of the Ex Ante Risk Premium in Commercial Real Estate

Published In

Journal of Real Estate Research

Document Type


Publication Date



We investigate the determinants of the ex ante risk premium in commercial real estate. Using a 20-year time series and Markov-switching regression, we find that the ex ante risk premium is affected by fundamental and non-fundamental determinants, albeit not symmetrically when risk premiums are increasing and decreasing. In particular, we find that changes in debt capital market conditions have a higher predictive power for changes in the ex ante risk premium when it is increasing, while changes in stock market volatility and commercial real estate market returns have a higher predictive power when the risk premium is on the decline. In addition, changes in commercial real estate sentiment and NAREIT returns can predict changes in the ex ante risk premium; however, the predictive power of these variables varies across property types and risk premium (risk perception) states.


© 2019 The American Real Estate Society



Persistent Identifier