This work was supported by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF): J3198-N21 and by US DOE grant DE-SC0006861. J.N.S. acknowledges funding from the Finnish Academy grant 251007 and US NSF grant 0919317. The National Center for Atmospheric Research is supported by NSF.
Geophysical Research Letters
The probability that freshly nucleated nanoparticles can survive to become cloud condensation nuclei is highly sensitive to particle growth rates. Much of the growth of newly formed ambient nanoparticles can be attributed to oxidized organic vapors originating from biogenic precursor gases. In this study we investigated the chemical composition of size-selected biogenic nanoparticles in the size range from 10 to 40 nm. Particles were formed in a flow tube reactor by ozonolysis ofα-pinene and analyzed with a Thermal Desorption Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometer. While we found similar composition in 10 and 20 nm particles, the relative amounts of individual species varied significantly when compared to 40 nm particles. Smaller particles (10 and 20 nm) were characterized by enhancements in carboxylic acids and larger particles (40 nm) showed higher concentrations of carbonyl-containing compounds and low molecular weight organic acids. This composition change from smaller to larger size particles reflects a vapor pressure increase of the condensing vapors by 1–2 orders of magnitude indicating that the Kelvin effect plays a decisive role in the growth of biogenic nanoparticles.
Winkler, Paul M., Ortega, John, Karl, Thomas, Cappellin, Luca, Friedli, Hans R., Barsanti, Kelley, McMurry, Peter H., Smith, James N. (2012). Identification of the biogenic compounds responsible for size-dependent nanoparticle growth. Geophysical Research Letters. 39(20).