This research was funded by the National Institute for Transportation and Communities, or NITC, a program of TREC at Portland State University.
Traffic signs and signals -- Control systems, Intelligent transportation systems
Transportation and transit agencies have implemented advanced technologies like transit signal priority (TSP) and Sydney Coordinated Adaptive Traffic System (SCATS) to reduce travel times and improve reliability. However, due to the lack of detailed empirical data, the joint impact of these factors and improvement strategies on bus travel time has not been studied at the stop-to-stop segment level. With the aim of assessing the performance of an existing TSP/SCATS system, this study had access to a unique set of high-resolution bus and traffic signal data. Novel algorithms and performance measures to measure TSP performance are proposed. Results indicate that a timely and effective TSP system requires a high degree of sophistication, monitoring and maintenance. Empirical data suggest that most TSP phase adjustments were granted in time (i.e., within a cycle) to buses that requested priority, but that only a small proportion resulted in reduced delay. In this study, many green extension phases were granted late, making them less effective than early green signal phases. Despite this, the TSP system did not increase delays for passengers and vehicles when side-street traffic is also considered.
Figliozzi, Miguel and Wei Feng. Modeling and Analyzing the Impact of Advanced Technologies on Transit Performance Measures in Arterial Corridors. NITC-RR-579. Portland, OR: Transportation Research and Education Center (TREC), 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.15760/trec.117