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Carrier costs, Urban freight, City logistics


Transit goals have typically focused on commuter trips but facilitating urban last-mile freight logistics is a potential strategy to increase transit ridership and mitigate the demands of parcel distribution on the transportation network. Presently, most parcel lockers operate out of private businesses, but consumer surveys have found that transit users may be interested in locker facilities at transit connections. The implementation of an unmanned, secure, common carrier parcel locker system could have benefits for non-transit users as well. Consolidation of deliveries is expected to benefit courier companies by allowing operations at increasingly competitive rates, and retailers and consumers benefit from convenience and 8 low shipping rates. This evaluation includes a case study of the light rail stations, transit centers, and transit malls in the greater Portland, OR area. The potential of hosting transit sites is reviewed based on ridership (the number of ons/offs at transit facilities), the number of residents in influence areas (whether transit users or not), and a framework for prioritizing locations based on best-practice equity metrics. Mode-specific accessibility of park-and-ride facilities outside the urban core, as well as the potential of consolidated distribution points in city resiliency plan are discussed.


This is the author’s version of a work. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document.


Paper presented at the 2021 TRB Annual Meeting (January 2021, 28 Washington DC) and forthcoming in Transportation Research Record.

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