Evaluation of a New Bond-Type Anchorage System with Expansive Grout for a Single FRP Rod

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Construction and Building Materials

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Prestressed concrete applications require a high strength prestressing material that could apply and maintain effective compressive force to concrete members. Although fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) materials, especially carbon FRP (CFRP), have the desired strength, no efficient system for its anchorage to concrete has been devised yet. This paper presents an experimental evaluation on a new bond-type anchorage system using an expansive grout as a filling material to anchor CFRP rods. A total of twelve specimens were fabricated and tested. Short-term and long-term pullout tests were performed. The CFRP rods were 0.375 in. (10 mm) and 0.50 in. (13 mm) in diameter. The parameters investigated were the bond length, rod diameter, and curing time of the expansive grout. The experimental results showed that 12 in. (305 mm) and 15 in. (381 mm) were adequate bond lengths to effectively anchor the 0.375 in. (10 mm) and 0.50 in. (13 mm) CFRP rods, respectively. The results also indicated that the anchor strength and stiffness were directly proportional to the bond length, and cross-sectional area ratio of CFRP rods to anchor borehole affected the stiffness and bonding capacity of the proposed anchor. Finally, a numerical analysis was carried out to predict the tensile behavior of FRP anchors. The numerical results had good agreement with the experimental results.


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