Published In

Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Document Type


Publication Date



Traffic monitoring, Real-time information


Real-time information about traffic conditions is becoming widely available through various media and connected-vehicle technology. In such conditions, travelers have better knowledge about the system and adapt as the system evolves dynamically during their travel. Drivers may change routes during their travel in order to optimize their own objective of travel. Various travel objectives are captured in mathematical models via disutility functions. The focus of this research was to study the behavior of travelers with multiple trip objectives when they are provided real-time information, and assess their ability to determine “optimal” routing policies, compared to exact solutions based on the online shortest path problem. A web-based experiment was carried out to simulate a traffic network with limited information provision. The decision strategies of participants were analyzed and compared to a variety of decision policies established in the literature – optimal, greedy, and a priori – and a general model to describe the observed travelers’ decision strategies was calibrated from over 40,000 decision points extracted from the collected data. Apart from trip objective, other factors such as relative position in the network and experience gained were found to influence user decisions. This research is a step towards calibrating equilibrium models for adaptive behavior with multiple user classes.


Copyright (c) 2021 The Authors

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.



Persistent Identifier