Parking Costs -- Research Analysis, Urban transportation, Transportation -- Oregon -- Planning
This research analyses how parking availability levels affect commercial vehicle parking costs and operations in congested urban areas. Unlike passenger vehicles, parking availability has an impact on route characteristics and commercial vehicle fleet sizes. Hence, commercial vehicles parking costs cannot be captured solely by estimating delays and/or the cost of parking fines. This research combines logistics, queuing, and optimization models to study the impact of last mile parking availability on commercial vehicle costs and operations. Scenarios are built to study the impact of parking availability on typical less-than-truckload (LTL) and courier service costs. Results indicate that parking availability levels do affect commercial vehicle costs and operations significantly. The magnitude of the impacts is a function of customer and route characteristics. The analysis of elasticity values indicates that a few variables have a significant impact on commercial vehicle parking behaviour. In some cases, productivity improvements like service time reductions may result in undesirable changes in commercial vehicle parking behaviour.
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Published as: Figliozzi, M., & Tipagornwong, C. (2017, April). Impact of last mile parking availability on commercial vehicle costs and operations. In Supply Chain Forum: An International Journal (Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 60-68). Taylor & Francis.