Exercise -- Health aspects, Medicine -- Research -- Evaluation, C reactive protein -- Measurement
The association between physical activity (PA) and C-reactive protein (CRP) is inconsistent, with nearly all studies using self-report measures of PA. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between objectively-measured PA and CRP in U.S. adults and children. Adults (N=2912) and children (N=1643) with valid accelerometer data and CRP data were included in the analyses. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the odds of meeting physical activity guidelines across CRP quartiles for children and among adults with low, average, and high CRP levels. For adults, after adjustments for age, gender, race, body mass index, smoking, diabetes, and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), compared to those with low CRP levels, odds ratios were 0.59 (CI = 0.45–0.77) and 0.46 (CI = 0.28–0.76) for participants with average and high CRP levels, respectively. For children, after adjustments for age, gender, race, weight status, and HDLC, compared to those in CRP quartile 1, odds ratios were 0.96 (CI = 0.5–1.84), 1.23 (CI = 0.71– 2.12), and 0.79 (CI = 0.33–1.88) for participants in quartiles 2, 3, and 4, respectively. Objectivelymeasured PA is inversely associated with CRP in adults, with PA not related to CRP in children.
Loprinzi, Paul D.; Cardinal, Bradley J.; Crespo, Carlos J.; Brodowicz, Gary R.; Andersen, Ross; Sullivan, Edward J.; and Smit, Ellen, "Objectively-Measured Physical Activity and C-Reactive Protein: NHANES 2003–2004" (2011). Community Health Faculty Publications and Presentations. 47.