2015 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC)
Telecommunication networks and computer systems
Many data center network topologies are designed to provide full bisection bandwidth for tens of thousands of servers in order to achieve high network throughput and server agility. However, the utilization rate of DCNs on average is below 10%, which results in a significant waste of network resources and energy. Many researchers propose consolidating network traffic flows to maximize the set of idle network equipment and switching them to low power mode to save energy. In this paper, we propose using skinnier network topologies to meet performance requirements of realistic loads thus saving not only energy but capital cost as well. We undertake a comprehensive study of the sub-graphs of fat-trees for different traffic characteristics and present an analytical model for the number of switches required in each layer of the topology. Furthermore, we examine the potential energy savings of utilizing higher-port-count switches at the edge layer and evaluate the reduced energy consumption using the power data of Cisco modular switches.
Yi, Qing and Singh, Suresh, "Usage Based Topology for DCNs" (2015). Computer Science Faculty Publications and Presentations. 148.