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Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin

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Rehabilitation counseling, Chronic pain -- Psychological aspects, Chronic diseases -- Treatment


Human fascination with the concept of time can be traced to antiquity. Time has been viewed as fundamental to all human experience, and efforts to understand its nature, structure, and relationship to the human experience have generated a burgeoning body of literature, over the past two millennia, among philosophers, astronomers, physicists, and more recently psychologists. Yet, the field of rehabilitation counseling has been rather silent on the role of time and especially its place in understanding psychosocial adaptation to chronic illnesses and disabilities. In the first part of this article, the author seeks to (a) provide a brief review of the current understanding of the nature and structure of time and (b) explore the role that time plays in the context of personality theories and the therapeutic approaches spawned by them. Implications to the study of chronic illnesses and disabilities are discussed throughout the narrative.The first part of this article focused on providing the reader with a general overview of the concept of time with special emphasis on understanding time?s role in the structure of personality theories and their associated therapeutic approaches, as well as linking the discussion to the understanding of time in the context of psychosocial adaptation to chronic illnesses and disabilities (CIDs). In the second part of this article, the author seeks to (a) briefly comment on the association among death, disability, and time; (b) discuss findings from the clinical and empirical literatures regarding time perception/orientation within the context of psychiatric disabilities; (c) review findings on the relationships between time perception/orientation and psychosocial adaptation to CIDs; and (d) highlight those treatment modalities that have been suggested for individuals whose disabilities have resulted in time distortions.


This is an author-produced, peer-reviewed article that has been accepted for publication in Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin but has not been copy-edited.


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