Income distribution -- Effect of public transit on, Income distribution -- United States, Transportation planning, Local transit
This article presents an income inequality analysis for all 1990 U.S. metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs). The analysis is concerned with whether public transportation has a detectable influence on levels of urban income equality. Because public transportation systems are generally designed to link residences with employment locations, higher levels of transit service provision, all other factors being equal, should be associated with higher employment rates and more uniform distributions of economic gains. The research presented here was influenced by an analysis originally performed by Haworth, Long, and Rasmussen (1978). Along with there study, few analyses have tried to evaluate policies that affect income distribution. The results of this analysis provide a macroscopic view of the efficiency and effectiveness of urban transportation investments with respect to urban income inequality.
Sanchez, Thomas W., "Income Distribution, City Size, and the Role of Public Transportation" (1999). Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports. 12.