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Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

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Underwater acoustics -- Mathematics, Sonar, Signal processing


In theory, matched field processing offers the significant benefit of higher signal gains and increased localization capability. However, this has not been robustly observed in practice because of inherent uncertainties about details of the shallow water propagation environments which limit the prediction of the channel response. The use of guide sources to directly measure the transfer function between source and receiver arrays has been proposed as a means for reducing mismatch. However, the guide source measurement only provides a measured transfer function at the guide source location. In this paper a method of depth-shifting guide source observations is proposed, making it possible to estimate transfer functions for points in the ocean other than the guide source location. The proposed depth-shifting process does not require knowledge of environmental parameters. The theoretical background for the technique is developed below and its range of applicability is examined.


Copyright 2005 Acoustical Society of America. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the Acoustical Society of America. The following article appeared in Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 118(4), 2224-2233 and may be found at (



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