Published In

9th IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability, 2022

Document Type


Publication Date



Electric power systems, Smart power grids, Technological innovation


The bulk power system is experiencing a dramatic shift as renewable generation growth continues to accelerate. Large-scale renewables adoption will help societies transition to a low-carbon, low-cost, and environmental-friendly electrical power system. However, the transition from a paradigm of generation following load to one where load follows generation will require large-scale interconnection and coordinated operation of Distributed Energy Resources (DERs), supported by open communication protocols. In this future grid scenario, DER aggregations will provide critical grid services that enable high penetration levels of renewable generation. This position paper presents an Energy Service Interface (ESI) that defines scope for ensuring secure, trustworthy information exchange between grid service providers and DERs. The goal of the ESI is to encourage large-scale participation of DERs in order to provide grid services through dispatch of DER aggregations. This position paper also presents an open smart energy communications protocol that allows DERs to advertise their characteristics and participate in grid services, within constraints established by the ESI. The paper presents several monetization incentives that grid service providers could use to encourage large-scale DER participation.


© 2022 IEEE


This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in 9th IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability, 2022. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in 9th IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability, 2022.

Persistent Identifier