Publication Date


Document Type

Working Paper


Professor John Hall

Journal of Economic Literature Classification Codes

B14, B31, P40

Key Words

Anarchism, Anarcho-socialism, First International Workingmen’s Association, Mikhail Bakunin, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon


This inquiry seeks to establish that Pierre-Joseph Proudhon and Mikhail Bakunin advanced ideas supporting what can be identified as anarcho-socialism, and the distinctness in their approaches can also be associated with splits that emerged with the First International Workingmen’s Association. For Proudhon, the institution of property entrenches inequality. In Proudhon’s judgement, society must orient towards advancing independence, proportionality, equality, and individual autonomy without limitations from legal structures. In Bakunin’s anarcho-socialist view, society must reject all forms of authority. In Bakunin’s conception of society, economic and political structures must be constructed from base to summit, founded upon the rights of free federation and free association.


© Lauren Sweger-Hollingsworth

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