Document Type

Closed Project

Publication Date

Winter 2003

Instructor

Dundar Kocaoglu

Course Title

Management of Engineering and Technology

Course Number

EMGT 520/620

Abstract

Abstract:

The innovation of new basic technologies that create new industrial structures and devices arises from progress created in the research and development institutional infrastructure of a nation. Without this overhead of basic knowledge creation, technological innovation eventually stagnates for lack of new phenomenal knowledge for its inventive ideas [2]. The R&D infrastructure in the United States consists of three main institutional sectors - industry, government, and university. Research in industry is focused primarily on advancing technology, whereas research in universities is focused primarily on advancing either science or generic technology [2]. The government supports its own research labs, and appropriates funding for research support in the other two sectors. In this study, answers to seven probing questions are presented: ¡¤ What are the long term ramifications of this shift R&D spending from government funded basic research to industry funded developmental research on science and technology? ¡¤ Are industry expectations different than government expectations with regard to funding of (basic) research? ¡¤ Why is more basic research now funded by industry than the federal government, and what are the long term ramifications of this on science and technology? ¡¤ Due to the shift in sponsorship of basic research funding, is less pure basic research being done now than in the past? ¡¤ What are the political influences on Federal government and defense R&D? ¡¤ Has defense related R&D influenced industrial development programs? ¡¤ In each of the three R&D sectors (university, industry, government), is importation of research talent encouraged (increasing) or discouraged (decreasing)? Why? For each issue, a brief history is given, followed by conclusions and a discussion of recent events, if applicable. Finally, lessons learned are presented, closing with recommendations in hindsight as to what could have been done differently.

Description

This project is only available to students, staff, and faculty of Portland State University

Persistent Identifier

http://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/23997

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