Science and Technology Policy
Nanotechnology is an enabling technology that has an impact on electronics, computing, data storage, communications, materials and manufacturing, energy, environment, transportation, health and medicine, national security and space exploration. This paper talks about efforts across the United States for reaping the benefits of Nano Technology by commercialization through participation of multinational corporations and government funding and policy making. It is important to understand that nanotechnology is not any one technology or a one-sector technology. Its reach is extremely broad and hence it becomes important to understand the governing and regulatory bodies that form policies for Nano technology. These governing bodies are bureaucratic and hierarchical organization set up by the US government to develop Science and Technology Policy in different areas of Nano technology, to which the nationwide research and commercialization efforts are to be focused. Generally these policies tend to favors the Nation interest to generate revenue by commercialization of new technology and /or find solutions to current societal problem leveraging the innovations in Nano science and Technology. Ways to foster innovations in a new technology is a highly relevant and intricate question in the arena of policymaking. Various studies have shown that technology-push and demand-pull policies induce innovation. However, there another phenomenon that affect the science and technology policy making and finding solutions to societal problems. Technology push-pull are basically market driven strategy approach to create significant country-level innovation spillovers, which could drive national policymakers to engage in domestic market creation for e.g. creating smaller and faster I.C chips and memory drives. This could also be in align with Government’s vision to emerge as world’s super power in global innovation race and attract investors resulting in growth in economy. Policies to solve societal problems could be internal or global and the main mission is to find a sustainable solution to societal problem for e.g. finding cure for cancer using stem cell research. In this paper we evaluate nanotechnology research topics that align with stem cell research and create a roadmap for technology research for next 40 years. We discuss nanotechnology, nanotechnology drivers, federal governing agencies of USA that defines policies and market pull for nanotechnologies. We also have attempted to analyses one societal problem that might be answered by nanotechnology technology. We have chosen Stem cell based health improvement as our research topic to evaluate and design roadmap. The roadmap we have created is designed to embed policy and market implications that effects the technology selection. Also we have tried to align vision, mission and goals of NNI and its collaborating agency NIH to bridge the gap in interests that 2 NNI and NIH. We try to conclude that a good scientific and technology policy is required to provide a nurturing ambience, which acts as an incubator to nurture innovations in Nano technology.
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Bali, Akash and Ramesh, Bhavana, "US Policies and Impacts on
Stem Cells Advancements
under NNI" (2017). Engineering and Technology Management Student Projects. 171.