Senate Joint Resolution 12, Hope Amendment, constitutional provision, right to health, right to healthcare, Oregon, United States


Problems persist throughout the U.S. healthcare system including exorbitant costs, poor health scores, high rates of uninsured, and lack of access to services among marginalized groups. Among many proposed solutions is a constitutional provision to healthcare. Largely based in ethics, healthcare as a right is also expected by many to improve health outcomes. However, while constitutional provisions for healthcare are found in countries around the world, empirical research results are limited and mixed at best. In the wake of social justice movements and resurgence of vibrant conversations about human rights, and with international pressure mounting for the U.S. to follow suit, it is an important issue for Americans. While amending the federal constitution remains daunting and unlikely, states can amend their own constitutions. In November 2022, Oregonians will vote to amendment the Oregon constitution making healthcare a human right under Senate Joint Resolution 12, previously “the Hope Amendment.” This paper strives to provide a well-balanced understanding of its potential aftereffects and a brief examination of its aspirational influence on health outcomes.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.