First Advisor

Birol Yeşilada

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in Political Science and University Honors


Political Science


Treaty on European Union (1992 February 7). Protocols, etc. (2007 December 13), Lobbying -- European Union countries -- 21st century, Pressure groups -- European Union countries -- 21st century, European Union countries -- Politics and government -- Citizen participation




This study evaluates the assumption that lobbying at the EP level steadily increased after the Treaty of Lisbon, and also the expectation that there would be no variation in lobbying activity (measured by types of lobbyists) during this period. Research was conducted through the utilization of data from the European Transparency Register as scraped by Friedrich Lindenberg between 2012 and 2014. After categorizing more than 16,000 entries it was determined that the amount of lobbyists targeting the EU has steadily increased, and the primary lobbying group between the researched period was Business--though, there was a significant amount of variation between the types of lobbying groups, with NGOs coming in second. This is indicative of citizens becoming more involved in EU affairs as the deepening of integration and the expansion of supranational authority continues to affect ordinary Europeans.


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