First Advisor

Patricia Wetzel

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in World Languages & Literatures: Japanese and University Honors


World Languages and Literatures


Japanese -- Honorific, Japanese -- Attitudes, Japanese language -- Social aspects, Japanese national characteristics, Japan -- Social life and customs




The importance of the senpai-kōhai 'senior-junior' relationship is of utmost importance to the working of Japanese society starting from a young age. Children become conscious of the relationship most earnestly in junior high school and quickly become socialized to adhere to rules regarding appropriate behavior and language use and duties. My research attempts to shed light on contemporary attitudes towards the senpai-kōhai relationship by addressing the overarching question "what are contemporary attitudes toward the senpai-kōhai relationship?" I also address the subtopics of importance of the relationship, evidence of ambivalence, consciousness, and how the relationship is perceived to be recognized linguistically.


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