Date of Award
Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Criminology and Criminal Justice and University Honors
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Imprisonment -- Economic aspects -- United States, Imprisonment -- Social aspects -- United States, Administration of criminal justice -- Social aspects -- United States, Administration of criminal justice -- Economic aspects -- United States
The United States has been experiencing a dramatic rise in prison and jail populations since the 1980s, which has resulted in a much higher population of individuals reintegrating into society with a criminal record. This brand has been identified to cause several negative effects on one’s social and economic capacities, with these effects being exacerbated on target populations such as minorities. Research on limitations and challenges placed on individuals with a criminal record were compared with World Health Organization standards for social determinants of health, to determine the potential for long-term health consequences as a result of society’s social consequences for reintegrated criminals. A major failure of nearly every category for focus in social determinants of health was identified, ranging from social standing, lifestyle stress, unemployment and economic opportunities, and implications on social support for children. Multiple sources of academic work would culminate towards a strong implication that a felony sentence, criminal record, or extended period of incarceration, has direct and immediate consequences on one’s ability to lead a long, healthy, and fulfilling life. Wide-scale policy reform would seem essential to curb any unforeseen long-term consequences of these findings.
Schaaf, Spencer D., "“The Criminal Class” - Long Term Social Health Consequences of Mass Incarceration" (2018). University Honors Theses. Paper 504.