First Advisor

Robert Sanders

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in World Languages & Literatures: Spanish and University Honors


World Languages and Literatures


Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda (1814-1873). Sab, Carolina Coronado (1820-1911). Poesías, Archetype (Psychology) in literature, Feminism, Women authors, Cuban -- Social conditions -- 19th century, Women authors, Spanish -- Social conditions -- 19th century




This research will consist of an analysis of the Romantic archetype of the virgin in the works Sab (1841) written by Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda and Poesías (1843) written by Carolina Coronado. These two works of literature will be used in order to assess the use of the virgin archetype as an expression of literary and social independence for women writers during 19th-Century Spain and Cuba. This analysis will employ the use of The Second Sex by Simone de Beauvoir for the author's construction of the "other" as a framework for the unique experiences that woman have faced historically and continuously face. This analysis explores ideas such as gendered language, historical images and ideas that impacted women during the 19th-Century in Spain especially women who wanted to write. Also, the idea of the "other" will be combined with the image of the virgin archetype in order to analyze how the literary works of these two women writers criticizes 19th-Century Spanish society overtly and covertly based upon the subjects they use in their texts. This analysis will argue that archetypes such as the virgin which are typically not seen as autonomous archetypes are shown to be independent subjects in both works chosen for this analysis. Furthermore, this analysis will demonstrate that the virgin archetype is a powerful literary tool that can be used to criticize ideas and images of women during this time period due to its docile characterization as opposed to other more dominant Romantic and independent archetypes.


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