This work was partially supported by the NSF Grants DMS-1522471 and DMS-1624776. Numerical studies were facilitated by the Portland Institute for Computational Sciences.
We present a Trefftz-type finite element method on meshes consisting of curvilinear polygons. Local basis functions are computed using integral equation techniques that allow for the efficient and accurate evaluation of quantities needed in the formation of local stiffness matrices. To define our local finite element spaces in the presence of curved edges, we must also properly define what it means for a function defined on a curved edge to be "polynomial" of a given degree on that edge. We consider two natural choices, before settling on the one that yields the inclusion of complete polynomial spaces in our local element spaces, and discuss how to work with these edge polynomial spaces in practice. An interpolation operator is introduced for the resulting finite elements, and we prove that it provides optimal order convergence for interpolation error under reasonable assumptions. We provide a description of the integral equation approach used for the examples in this paper, which was recently developed precisely with these applications in mind. A few numerical examples illustrate this optimal order convergence of the finite element solution on some families meshes in which every element has at least one curved edge. We also demonstrate that it is possible to exploit the approximation power of locally singular functions that may exist in our finite element spaces in order to achieve optimal order convergence without the typical adaptive refinement toward singular points.
Anand, Akash; Ovall, Jeffrey S.; Reynolds, Samuel E.; and Weisser, Steffen, "Trefftz Finite Elements on Curvilinear Polygons" (2019). Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications and Presentations. 230.