Date of Award

1973

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Biology

Department

Biology

Physical Description

1 online resource (20 Pages)

Subjects

Hemlock dwarf mistletoe, Photosynthesis, Plants -- Respiration

DOI

10.15760/etd.1689

Abstract

Dark respiration rates of the aerial shoots of Arceuthobium tsugense, obtained by manometric and IRGA techniques, show production of C02to range between 155-300 µl CO2 g-1h-1 with evidence of seasonal variation. Experiments with 14C02 indicate that the aerial shoots are capable of some photosynthetic CO2 fixation, with 10-15% of the available 14C incorporated by the plant tissue in one hour.The portions of the o aerial shoots which are most active in C02 fixation are the young terminal regions. Biochemical characterization of the products of photosynthesis reveals that 80-90% of the incorporated 14C is ethanol soluble. Ten percent of the ethanol fraction is lipoidal in nature, the rest is H20 soluble. Ion exchange separation of the H20 soluble portion shows that 16-25% of the 14C activity is cationic, about 25% anionic, with the balance neutral. Aspartic acid, glutamic acid, and valine are present in the cationic fraction, with additional free amino acids indicated. IRGA experiments indicate an apparent photosynthetic CO2 fixation capacity of 80-90 percent of the ethanol fraction is lipoidal in nature, the rest is H20 soluble. Ion exchange separation of the H20 soluble portion shows that 16-25% of the 14C activity is cationic, about 25% anionic, with the balance neutral. Aspartic acid, glutamic acid, and valine are present in the cationic fraction, with additional free amino acids indicated. IRGA experiments indicate an apparent photosynthetic CO2 fixation capacity of 80-90 µl CO2 g-1 h-1, or 25-30% of the amount of C02 produced by respiration. The significance of these findings is discussed with respect to nutrition of the parasite.

Persistent Identifier

http://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/11161

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