Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Social Work (MSW)


Social Work




Oregon State Hospital (Salem, Or.)



Physical Description

1 online resource (84p.)


The purpose of this study was to evaluate a token economy program at Oregon State Hospital in terms of patients’ behavioral improvement during the first seventy days of the program. As the study progressed, it became apparent that a study of the problems involved in initiating this program would be significant. Thus an attempt has been made to evaluate both the patients’ behavioral improvement and the problems involved in setting up an effective token economy program.

Prior to the June 1, 1972 reorganization of the hospital, the county geographical unit system had been in effect for approximately eleven years. On June 1st, three admission wards, two social remotivation wards, a behavior modification ward, two self-care wards and a token economy ward were established.

Although token economy programs have been widely used in state mental hospitals and in Veterans Administration Psychiatric hospitals across the country, this was the first attempt to use this type of operant conditioning therapy at Oregon State Hospital.


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