Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Social Work (MSW)


Social Work




Older people -- Psychology, Nursing homes -- Oregon -- Portland



Physical Description

1 online resource (51 p.)


This is a study of twenty-six patients aged sixty years and over residing in a nursing care facility in Portland, Oregon in the fall of 1973, which explores the relationship of their morale and selected environmental and social factors.

There are three major aims of the study. The first is to measure variances in morale states as experienced and reported by the respondents. The second aim is to determine how a given set of factors correlate with the self-reported morale of each of the respondents. Selected for consideration are 1) attitudes: expectations upon entering the home and choice, comparison of one’s self-assessed age and health status with that of others, feelings of financial and physical security, feelings of happiness vis a vis their life’s course; 2) activities: enjoyment of solitary activities, i.e. reading, writing, television, and radio, participation in group activities such as games, crafts, movies, and discussion groups, and visits outside the home; and 3) interpersonal relationships: interaction with peers, the presence or absence of friendships, the frequency of visitors, satisfaction with family relationships, and anticipation of events and contacts with others. The third aim of the study is to identify from the above information, points and strategies for social work intervention.


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A report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Social Work, Portland State University.

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