First Advisor

Jack Hegrenes

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Social Work (MSW)


Social Work




People with mental disabilities -- Oregon -- Multnomah County



Physical Description

1 online resource (83 p.)


This is a study of mild and borderline mentally retarded adults living in Multnomah County, Oregon, who at one time in their lives were patients at Fairview Training School. The concept of “normalization” is merging with the political necessity of “advocacy” to create a different role for the traditionally silent and previously institutionalized retarded citizen, along with new roles for the professional worker with the retarded. Mentally retarded citizens have only recently begun to speak out for themselves; even less frequent it seems, has any concerted listening on the part of the public or professional community which deals day to day with the retarded citizen in the community. This study represents some first steps toward listening to the retarded citizen’s new voice, toward a more humanistic appraisal of the life styles of this group.

We have been concerned with the elusive concept of dependent versus independent living in the day to day life of this population, i.e., Educable Mentally Retarded (EMR) adults. Since very little is known about this population in our community, our effort can be considered an exploratory descriptive study of the life styles of mild/borderline previously institutionalized adults.


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A practicum submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Social Work, Portland State University

Persistent Identifier