First Advisor

Virginia L. Butler

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.) in Anthropology






Winter Village Pattern, Human Economy, Zooarchaeology, Hunting and gathering societies -- Columbia Plateau, Human beings -- Effect of climate on -- Columbia Plateau, Prehistoric Land settlement patterns -- Columbia Plateau



Physical Description

1 online resource (vi, 98 p.) : ill. (some col.), col. maps


On the Columbia Plateau, the origin of the Winter Village Pattern has long been a focus of research. Intensification of resources such as salmon, roots, and local aquatic resources is often cited as the cause of declining mobility. To address this question in the middle Snake River region, I have re-analyzed fish remains from the Hetrick site (10WN469; Weiser, ID), with occupations spanning the Holocene. Expectations from foraging theory and paleoclimate data are used to address whether salmon and other fish use changed over time and if such changes are correlated with the development of the Winter Village Pattern. The results of my research indicate that there is no correlation between the timing of increased salmonid use at the Hetrick site and paleoclimatic change or the earliest evidence for the Winter Village Pattern. Further, these results are very similar to patterns of fish use seen at other sites on the Snake River, particularly those from the Early and Middle Holocene.


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Portland State University. Dept. of Anthropology

Persistent Identifier