Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.) in History



Physical Description

1 online resource (67 p.)


Walter Marcus Pierce (1861-1954), Ku Klux Klan (1915- ) -- Oregon, Oregon (1922.), Compulsory School Act, Anti-Catholicism -- Oregon, Elections -- Oregon, Press -- Oregon, Oregon -- Politics and government -- 1859-1950




Oregon in 1922 was the scene of significant Ku Klux Klan activity. This thesis examines the interrelationship of the Klan, the press of Oregon, the gubernatorial race of that year and the passage of the Compulsory School Act. In addition, one chapter covers the ultimate fate of the Compulsory School Act in the courts.

Specific material in this thesis is derived principally from newspapers and periodicals of the time, although general sources on the Ku Klux Klan were utilized for the broader discussions of the situations.

The existence of the Ku Klux Klan in Oregon in 1922 directly affected both the passage of the Compulsory School Act and the election of Walter Pierce. The roles of the state’s newspapers were mixed. Two were quite outspoken on the issues of the Klan and the Compulsory School act, while most took less forthright stands. It was in the United States Supreme Court, however, that the final decision on the compulsory School Act was made.

Persistent Identifier