Portland State University. Department of Biology
Term of Graduation
Date of Publication
Master of Science (M.S.) in Biology
Rats -- Physiology, Temperature -- Physiological effect
1 online resource (2, 37 pages)
Long-Evans rats were raised from birth to eight weeks of age at 5°C, 20°C and 30°C. Blood was taken from animals two to eight weeks of age and assayed for growth hormone and thyroid stimulating hormone. The 30°C reared rats were found to have the longest ear, tail and hind limbs, followed by the 20°C reared rats. The 5°C rats were found to have the shortest ear, tail and hind limb. The 30°C and 5°C reared rats were found to have similar masses at the termination of the experiment. The 20°C reared rats had the smallest mass. Differences in size between the three groups when compared on a weekly basis were not found to be related to weekly obtained serum levels of growth hormone and thyroid stimulating hormone. Food consumption was greatest for the 5°C reared rats followed by the 20°C reared rats. The 5°C reared rats were found to have the lowest routine metabolic rate in the 5°C chamber. The 20°C reared rats were found to have the lowest routine metabolic rate in both the 20°c and 30°C chamber.
When 30°C and 20°C reared rats were put in the 5°C chamber with the 5°C reared rats, they initially lost mass, however after three weeks in the 5°C chamber they began to gain mass. The 30°C reared rats gained mass at a greater rate than did the 20°C reared rats. The 5°C reared rats continued to gain mass throughout this period. While in the 5°C chamber the total food consumption of the 20°c reared rats was the greatest, whereas the 5°C and 30°C reared rats consumed similar amounts of food.
In Copyright. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/ This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).
Quinn, Dana Elizabeth, "The Effect of Developmental Temperature on Morphology, Energy Metabolism, Growth Hormone and Thyroid Stimulating Hormone in Long-Evans Rats" (1978). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 2836.