Portland State University Department of Speech Communication
Mary E. Gordon
Date of Award
Master of Science (M.S.) in Speech: Emphasis in Speech Pathology/Audiology
1 online resource (57 p.)
Esophageal speech, Speech perception
This study proposed to determine if male and female esophageal voices were rated in the same manner by naïve listeners. Answers to the following questions were sought:
- Is there a difference in the social acceptability ratings given to female esophageal voices compared to male esophageal voices, when the speakers are matched for speaking ability?
- Does a relationship exist between the fundamental frequencies of female esophageal voices and ratings of social acceptability given by naïve listeners?
- Does a relationship exist between the fundamental frequencies of male esophageal voices and ratings of social acceptability given by naïve listeners?
- Do male and female naïve listeners rate female esophageal voices similarly?
Heinrich, Anne Terese, "A comparative study of perceptual ratings and fundamental frequency in female and male esophageal voices" (1978). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 2848.