Portland State University. Department of Psychology
Date of Publication
Master of Science (M.S.) in Psychology
Femininity, Self-esteem, Women in the professions -- United States
1 online resource (45 p.)
Research in sex-roles has found masculinity and androgyny to be correlated with self-esteem while femininity has a low or negative correlation with self-esteem. Much of the research in this area is based in studies of androgyny. Androgyny is the ability to respond in a feminine or masculine manner, depending on the situation rather than being limited to only feminine or masculine behavior because of sex-role stereotypes. In the research on self-esteem some studies have reported androgynous individuals measure high in self-esteem. Other studies have found that masculine characteristics contribute more to the self-esteem than androgynous characteristics. These results, taken together, suggest people with androgynous and masculine characteristics have high self-esteem while those with feminine characteristics have lowered or negative self-esteem.
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Harper, Shirley Ellen, "Femininity and self-esteem in professional women" (1983). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 3255.