Portland State University. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Date of Publication
Master of Science (M.S.) in Electrical and Computer Engineering
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Automatic speech recognition, Interference (Sound), Blind source separation, Microphone arrays
1 online resource (xii, 139 pages)
Automatic speech recognition has become a standard feature on many consumer electronics and automotive products, and the accuracy of the decoded speech has improved dramatically over time. Often, designers of these products achieve accuracy by employing microphone arrays and beamforming algorithms to reduce interference. However, beamforming microphone arrays are too large for small form factor products such as smart watches. Yet these small form factor products, which have precious little space for tactile user input (i.e. knobs, buttons and touch screens), would benefit immensely from a user interface based on reliably accurate automatic speech recognition.
This thesis proposes a solution for interference mitigation that employs blind source separation with a compact array of commercially available unidirectional microphone elements. Such an array provides adequate spatial diversity to enable blind source separation and would easily fit in a smart watch or similar small form factor product. The solution is characterized using publicly available speech audio clips recorded for the purpose of testing automatic speech recognition algorithms. The proposal is modelled in different interference environments and the efficacy of the solution is evaluated. Factors affecting the performance of the solution are identified and their influence quantified. An expectation is presented for the quality of separation as well as the resulting improvement in word error rate that can be achieved from decoding the separated speech estimate versus the mixture obtained from a single unidirectional microphone element. Finally, directions for future work are proposed, which have the potential to improve the performance of the solution thereby making it a commercially viable product.
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Hoffman, Jeffrey Dean, "Using Blind Source Separation and a Compact Microphone Array to Improve the Error Rate of Speech Recognition" (2016). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 3367.