First Advisor

William B. Fischer

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.) in German


World Languages and Literatures


Concrete poetry



Physical Description

1 online resource (84 p.)


This thesis explores the past and present of concrete poetry with the purpose of finding out whether concrete poetry is still being produced in its original form, or whether it has changed.

Concrete poets were not the first ones to create picture poems and similar texts. In chapter I an overview of earlier picture poetry is given. It and other precursors of concrete poetry are discussed and their possible contributions evaluated.

Chapters II and III deal with the definition of concrete poetry of the mid-fifties and sixties ( pure, classic c.p.). They focus primarily on German, Austrian and Swiss poets. Manifestos are examined and individual poems are discussed in detail. The many different kinds of concrete poetry that developed after 1970 are mentioned without any further discussion.


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Persistent Identifier