First Advisor

L. Dudley Eircih

Term of Graduation

Summer 1985

Date of Publication

Summer 1985

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Biology






Methanobacteriaceae, Anaerobic bacteria



Physical Description

1 online resource (2, v, 58 pages)


A recently isolated freshwater methanogenium species, Methanogenium wolfei, is characterized. Cells were irregular cocci, measuring 1.5 to 2.0 micrometers in diameter. No motility was observed, but 1 to 2 flagella per cell were observed after staining with Gray's Flagella Stain. Colonies formed by this species were small, shiny, and green-brown in color. Formate or hydrogen plus carbon dioxide served as substrates for growth. The optimal temperature for growth was found to be 45 degrees centigrade with minimal growth below 30 degrees centigrade and above 55 degrees centigrade. The optimal pH for growth was determined to be 6.8. Optimal growth was obtained within a 0.0 to 0.2M range of added sodium chloride. Acetate and arginine were required for growth. DNA base composition was 61.1 mo1%. G+C. The presence of coenzyme F-420 at a concentration of 134 mg/kg cells (wet weight) was determined in cell extracts. The enzyme NADP reductase was found to be present and was partially characterized.


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