Portland State University. Department of Psychology
Adriane M. Gaffuri
Term of Graduation
Date of Publication
Master of Science (M.S.) in Psychology
Backache -- Treatment, Electromyography, Biofeedback training
1 online resource (2, v, 74 pages)
This experiment examined the effects of EMG biofeedback and relaxation training as compared with biofeedback alone. The following dependent variables were examined: manifest anxiety, perceived pain, perceived relaxation, EMG activity, and locus of control. Back pain patients were assigned to one of two treatment groups. Group 1 was treated with both EMG biofeedback and relaxation training. Group 2 was treated with biofeedback alone. It appears that both biofeedback combined with progressive relaxation and biofeedback training alone are effective in lowering muscle activity and perceived pain, and in increasing perceived relaxation. However, from the results of this study, it is impossible to conclude that one treatment method is more effective than the other. Suggestions for future research are discussed.
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Vredevelt, Pam W., "A Comparison of the Effects of EMG Biofeedback and Relaxation Training on Chronic Back Pain Patients" (1985). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 3539.