Portland State University. Department of History
Date of Award
Master of Arts (M.A.) in History
1 online resource (135 p.)
Plutarco Elías Calles (1877-1945), Catholic Church -- Mexico -- History -- 20th century, Church and state -- Mexico -- History -- 20th century
In the one-hundred years between 1810 and 1926 there were many civil wars in Mexico. The last of these wars. La Cristiada, was not fought, as were the previous civil wars, by groups seeking political control of Mexico. Rather, the genesis of this war was a question of who would control the Church in Mexico. The war began when President Plutarco Elias Calles attempted to enforce rigorously certain articles of the Constitution of 1917 as well as two laws which he promulgated. If Calles had succeeded, he would, in fact, have created a church in Mexico controlled by the federal government.
The material to support this thesis was taken largely from the Mexican legal documents, the writing of Calles, other sources contemporary with the events described and some secondary sources. This thesis stresses the religious reasons for the La Cristiada and discusses the war itself not at all.
Gouran, Roger David, "A study of two attempts by President Plutarco Elías Calles to establish a national church in Mexico" (1995). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 3561.