Portland State University. Department of Geology
Gilbert T. Benson
Date of Award
Master of Science (M.S.) in Geology
1 online resource (140 p.)
Structural Geology, Faults (Geology) -- Oregon -- Vale Region, Geology -- Oregon -- Vale Region
The Vale KGRA is characterized by high heat flow, two to five times higher than the worldwide average, and by numerous hot springs. The hot springs are aligned along faults. This phenomena is typical of a Basin and Range type geothermal system. The hot geothermal fluids migrate upward along the more permeable, fault planes.
The rocks exposed in the Vale area are the Pliocene Chalk Butte formation and the Pleistocene beds of Captain Keeney Pass. Both units are composed of volcaniclastic siltstones, sandstones and conglomerates. The units are differentiated by color, texture and degree of lithification. About 200 meters of the Chalk Butte formation and 100 meters of the beds of Captain Keeney Pass are exposed in the area. Silicification is wide spread in the rocks of the Chalk Butte formation.
Doerr, John Timothy, "The structural controls of the Vale Rhinehart Buttes complex, Vale KGRA, Malheur County, Oregon" (1986). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 3585.