First Advisor

J. Alan Yeakley

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Environmental Science and Resources


Environmental Science




Reed canary grass -- Oregon -- Portland, Floods -- Oregon -- Portland, Plant diversity -- Oregon -- Portland, Weeds -- Control -- Oregon -- Portland



Physical Description

1 online resource (95 p.)


Recent management efforts in the Smith and Bybee Lakes Wildlife Area (SBL), a 700-ha preserve in north Portland, Oregon, have included using a water control structure to suppress invasive reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) by flooding during spring and early summer growth periods. For the first year of managed flooding, I sought to determine: (a) the extent and distribution of reed canarygrass at SBL; (b) the effectiveness of the change in water level at suppressing reed canarygrass; and ( c) the effects of the change in water level on other plant species.

I established 30 vegetation transects throughout SBL before completion of the water control structure. These transects were randomly distributed, placed perpendicularly to the shorelines of the wetlands, and had a cumulative length of 3.1 km. I measured vegetation on the transects in autumn 2003 and autumn 2004 using the line intercept method at 10-cm intervals. I surveyed the transects to generate elevation profiles, accurate to 0.15 cm, to determine depth and duration of flooding, which I correlated with vegetative changes. I also monitored inundation depth, growth, and phenological response of individual stands of reed canarygrass during the 2004 growing season.


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